13. The Referee

13.1 Primary concern: The care of the athlete is the primary concern of the referee.

13.2 Duties: The referee shall officiate in the ring. He shall be dressed in dark blue or black trousers, light blue shirt and light shoes or boots without raised heels, bow tie (black or dark blue) shall be warn, but in tropical climates may be dispensed with if the Chairman of Jury of Chairman of R/J commission agrees. The referee may use surgical gloves when officiating.  The referee shall:

13.2.1     See that the rules and fair play are strictly observed.

13.2.2     Maintain control of the contest at all its stages.

13.2.3     Prevent a weak athlete from receiving undue and unnecessary                                    punishment.

13.2.4     Check the gloves and dress.

13.2.5     Shall use 3 words of command:

–       “Yoot” (“Stop”) when ordering the athletes to stop fighting.

–       “Chok” (“Box”) when ordering them to continue.

–       “Yaek” (“Break”) when breaking a clinch, upon which command each                    athlete shall step back before continuing fighting.

13.2.6    The referee shall indicate to an athlete by suitable explanatory signs of                       gestures any infringement of the rules.

13.2.7    At the end of a contest collect and check the papers of the 5 or 3 Judges where applicable; after checking the referee shall hand these papers to the President of the Jury, or on occasions when there is no Jury, to the announcer.

13.2.8    The Referee shall not indicate the winner, by raising a athlete’s hand or otherwise, until the announcement has been made. When the winner of the bout is announced, the referee shall raise the hand of the winning athlete.

13.2.9    When the Referee has disqualified an athlete or stopped the bout, he/she shall first inform the President of the Jury which athlete has been disqualified or the reason for which he has stopped the bout, to enable the President to instruct the announcer to make the decision correctly known to the public.

13.3 Powers of the Referee: The Referee is empowered:

13.3.1     To terminate a contest at any stage if he/she considers it too one-sided.

13.3.2    To terminate a contest at any stage if one of the athletes has received an injury on account of which the referee decides he/she should not continue.

13.3.3    To terminate a contest at any stage if he/she considers the contestants are not in earnest. In such case he may disqualify one or both contestants.

13.3.4    To caution an athlete or to stop the fight during a contest and administer a warning to an athlete against fouls or for any other reason in the interests of fair play, or to ensure compliance with the rules.

13.3.5    To disqualify an athlete who fails to comply immediately with his orders, or behaves towards him in an offensive or aggressive manner at any time.

13.3.6    To disqualify a second who has infringed the rules and the athlete himself/herself if the second does not comply with the referee’s orders.

13.3.7    With or without previous warning, to disqualify a contestant for committing a serious foul.

13.3.8    In the event of a knock-down, to suspend a count, if an athlete deliberately fails to retire to a neutral corner or delays to do so.

13.3.9    To interpret the rules insofar as they are applicable or relevant to the actual contest to decide and take action on any circumstance of the contest which is not covered by a rule.

13.4 Warning: If an athlete infringes the rules but does not merit disqualification for such infringement, the referee shall stop the contest and shall issue a warning to the offender. As a preliminary to a warning, the referee shall order the athletes to stop. The warning shall be clearly given and in such a way that the athlete understands the reason and the purpose of the warning. The referee shall signal with his hand to each of the judges that a special warning has been given and shall clearly indicate to them the athlete whom he has warned.  After giving the warning, the referee shall order the athletes to “CHOK”. If an athlete is given 3 warnings in a contest, he/she shall be disqualified.

13.5 Cautions: A referee may caution an athlete. A caution is in the nature of advice or admonition given by the referee to an athlete to check or prevent undesirable practices of the less serious infringements of the rules. To do so the referee will not necessarily stop the contest but may avail of a suitable safe opportunity during a round to admonish an athlete for an infringement of the rules.

13.6 Medical Considerations: A referee, before officiating in any international tournament conducted under these rules shall undergo a medical examination as to his/her physical fitness for carrying out these duties in the ring. His vision shall be at least 6 dioptres in each eye. The wearing of spectacles by a referee during the progress of a bout is not permitted, but contact lenses are allowed. It will be compulsory for the referee to take part in a meeting before each Championship, arranged by the Medical Jury.