4.1 Authorised Dress: Athletes shall be dressed in accordance with the following:
4.1.1. Clothing: The athlete must wear muaythai shorts – red or blue according to the corner with the wording “MUAYTHAI” on the front of the shorts only (see Fig.3). Male athletes must put on a sleeveless shirt or singlet in red or blue according to the corner (see Fig.1). Female athletes must put on a cropped top (see Fig.2) or singlet (see Fig.1) in red or blue according to the corner.
4.1.2 Mongkon & Prajiad: Athletes must wear the sacred headband (Mong-Kon) for paying homage before entering the ring. A Krueng-Wrang (Prajiad/arm band) with an amulet or charm may be worn around the upper arm, biceps or waist but must be neatly covered. The Mongkon & Prajiad are an athlete’s personal belongings.
4.1.3 Gum shields: Gum shields shall be worn by all athletes before they begin fighting. The gum shield should be form-fitted. Form-fitted gum shields must be made available by the organizing host country for any participant who does not have their own, against payment by the athlete concerned or athlete’s National Association. It is forbidden for an athlete to intentionally remove their gum shield during the contest and if the athlete does so, the athlete shall be warned or disqualified. If an athlete has his gum shield knocked out, the referee shall take the athlete to the athlete’s corner – have the gum shield cleaned and returned to its proper position. While this is being done, the second is not allowed to talk to his/her athlete.
4.1.4 Groin protectors: The use of the groin guard is mandatory. For male athletes, a metal groin protector shall be worn (see Fig.4), a jock strap may be worn in addition (see Fig. 5). For female athletes, a female groin protector made from foam or plastic shall be worn (see Fig. 6). To observe hygiene, all athletes both male and female must have their own groin protectors. Should the athletes’ own groin protectors not pass official inspection before the bout, they may use one from the area where they receive the equipment.
4.1.5 Head-guard: The heard-guard is an individual and form fitted item of the athlete’s equipment. Should the athlete’s own head-guard not pass official inspection before the bout, they may use one from the area they receive equipment provided by the organising committee. The use of the head-guard is mandatory. It shall conform to IFMA specifications. Athletes must come into the ring without their head guard – only after having been presented to the audience and Wai Kru has completed should they put it on. The head guard shall be taken off immediately after the bout is over and before the decision is announced.
4.1.6 Shin guards and Elbow guards: The use of shin guards and elbow guards is mandatory. It shall conform with IFMA specifications as it is the responsibility of the organising committee to provide shin guards and elbow guards to the athlete. If taping is required it shall be supplied by the organisation (IFMA).
4.1.7 Body protectors: The use of body protectors is mandatory for all Competitive and Youth divisions. It shall conform with IFMA specifications as it is the responsibility of the organising committee to provide body protectors to the athlete. The body protector is a non-requirement for the Elite division.
4.1.8 Female Chest Protection: The use of breast protection is mandatory for all female athletes. To observe hygiene, all female athletes must have their own breast protectors. Should the athletes’ own breast protector not pass official inspection before the bout, they may use one from the area where they receive the equipment (see examples). In Youth divisions where the body protector is worn, the female chest protection is optional.
4.1.9 Head and body cover: Head and body covers may be worn by athletes to comply with cultural understanding and shall consist of the following: An optional body suit (two piece, tights and top/body suit) of white coloured material (one colour only) allowing covering of the legs to the ankles and covering the arms to the wrists. A head covering such as a full sport hijab similar to the ResportOn design or an individual skull cap of white coloured material), or an optional body suit (two piece) of a light colour material covering the legs and arms to the ankles and wrists, as well as a full sport hijab. Only IFMA approved attire can be used to participate in the competitions (see Fig. 9).
4.2 Prohibited objects
4.2.1. The use of grease, vaseline, rubbing lineament or products likely to be harmful or objectionable to an opponent on the arms or any other part of the body is forbidden. A reasonable amount of vaseline is permitted on the face only for the purpose of reducing the risk of cuts. If too much Vaseline is used only the refreee can clean the fighter, not the coach.
4.2.2. Athletes shall be visibly and clean-shaven: Beards and moustaches are not allowed for safety and hygiene.
4.2.3. All athletes with long hair shall have their hair tied back in pony tail or plaits/braids and must wear a hairnet before requiring the headguard. Hair accessories are not permitted for safety reasons (i.e. pins, clips, etc.)
4.3 Dress infraction: A referee shall exclude from the bout any athlete who is not wearing the head-guard, groin-guard, gum shield, shin guard, mong kon, elbow guard, breast protection if female and if obligatory body protector as well or whoever is not clean and properly dressed. In the event of the athlete’s glove or dress becoming undone during the bout, the referee shall stop the contest to have it attended to.